In Minnesota, an ELL is defined as a learner who:
- a) first learned a language other than English, comes from a home where a
language other than English is usually spoken, or does not use English as a
- b) lacks the necessary English skills to fully participate in classes taught in
Part (a) above is measured by a home language questionnaire (HLQ). The HLQ must be given to every student entering the district for the first time, whether in kindergarten or a later grade regardless of perceived native language.
Part (b) above is determined by developmentally appropriate measures and practices, which might include observations, teacher judgment, parent recommendations, and/or developmentally appropriate assessment instruments.
Students who are determined to have a primary language other than English are not
automatically ELL. They are, however, the group of students that should be screened for ELL services. The District 196 ELL Identification, Entrance and Exit Procedure section of this site describes the criteria for qualifying for ELL services in District 196.