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Elementary Science Curriculum
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Middle School Science Curriculum
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High School Science Curriculum
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Middle School Science Curriculum Overview

Science education is an important part of middle school education. Through a process of questioning and inquiry students develop a deeper understanding of the world around them. Labs are integral to middle school science. Through hands-on lab experiments students develop critical thinking skills, collaborative learning skills, collect, analyze, and interpret data. In middle schools science students are taught to use interdisciplinary approaches to present the results of their experiments. Our goal is to inspire future scientists and related careers.


Science (Grade 6)

Nature of Science and Engineering (STEM)
  • Units of measurement, International System of Units
  • Appropriate use of safe procedures, tools, measurements, graphs, and mathematical analyses
  • Impact of engineering on society
    • Risks, technology, learning from failures, make humans more productive
  • Engineering design process
  • Designed and natural systems; opened and closed systems
  • Density, dissolving, compression, diffusion, and thermal expansion
  • Physical changes; melting, freezing, condensation, and evaporation
  • Conservation of mass in a physical system
  • Measure, calculate, and graph speed as a function of time
  • Balanced and unbalanced forces
  • Total forces affect motion of an object
  • Direct contact forces, such as magnetic and electrical
  • Distance forces, such as gravitational force
  • Mass and weight
  • Transfer of energy in waves; speed, wavelength, frequency, and amplitude
  • Sound waves
  • Light waves
  • Kinetic and potential energy conversion
  • Forms of energy, including, thermal, electrical, chemicals, and mechanical
  • Heat transfer; conduction, convection, and radiation

Science (Grade 7)

Nature of Science and Engineering (STEM)
  • Appropriate use of safe procedures, tools, measurements, graphs, and mathematical analyses
  • Bias in scientific investigations
  • Analysis of reliability of investigations
  • Appropriate investigation methods, such as field studies,  controlled experiments, review of existing work, and development of models
  • Plan and conduct a controlled experiment
  • Generate scientific results (evidence) and conclusions (explanations) from an investigation
  • Evaluate others’ scientific explanations
  • Use maps, satellite images, and other data sets to describe patterns and make predictions
  • Periodic Table
  • Atoms, Elements, Molecules, and Compounds
  • Chemical Equations
Structure and Function in Living Systems
  • Functions of Cells and cell division
  • Microorganisms, Infections, and Diseases
  • Vaccines and Immunity
  • Plant vs. Animal Cells
  • Tissues, Organs, and Organ Systems
  • Populations, Communities, and Organism Relationships
  • Photosynthesis
  • Food Webs
  • Energy and Matter Transfer in Ecosystems
  • Humans Changing Ecosystems
Heredity (Genetics)
  • Genes and Inheritance
  • Asexual and Sexual Reproduction
  • Selective Breeding
  • Anatomy Comparisons
  • Variation and Survival
  • Adaptations and Extinction
  • Fossil Record of Life Forms


Science (Grade 8)

Nature of Science and Engineering (STEM)
  • Evaluate facts and opinions of the scientific world
  • Use inquiry to investigate scientific experimentation
  • Research important contributions by men and women of all cultures in the fields of engineering design and scientific inquiry
  • Recognize how science and engineering as well as economic, political, social, and ethical expectations come in to account during engineering design
  • Evaluate models, such as maps and data sets, used to communicate how systems work
  • Physical properties of mixtures and pure substances
  • Properties of metals and non-metals
  • Evidence chemical and physical changes
  • Conservation of mass
  • Acids and Bases
  • Earth Structure and Processes
  • Seismic waves
  • Tectonic plates, earthquakes, volcanoes, mountain building, ocean trenches and mid-ocean ridges
  • Landforms; crustal deformation, volcanic eruptions, weathering, erosion and deposition of sediment
  • Minnesota’s landscape
  • Rocks and Rock Formations
  • Rock Layers; fossils, relative ages, geologic events, environmental changes, appearance of extinction.
  • Classification of rocks and minerals; density, hardness, streak, texture, and composition.
  • Non-renewable resources
  • Gravity, Orbits, and Gravitational Force
  • The Sun, Planets and Moons
  • Earth’s Motion cause seasons, day, night, moon phases and eclipses
Weather and Climate
  • Water Reservoirs, Water Cycle, and Distribution
  • Composition of the Atmosphere
  • Weather Fronts, Global and Local Weather, and Climate
  • Human interactions influence water systems

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