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What families can do to help students succeed (Middle School)

Labs are integral to middle school science. Through hands-on lab experiments students develop critical thinking skills, collaborative learning skills, collect, analyze, and interpret data. In middle schools science students are taught to use interdisciplinary approaches to present the results of their experiments.

 

Science Laboratory Vocabulary

  • Scientific evidence: Evidence gathered from an experiment used to prove or disprove a hypothesis
  • Personal opinion: A personal belief or judgment that is not based on scientific evidence
  • Scientific Fact: An observation that has been repeated and confirmed.
  • Scientific Law: A descriptive generalization about how some aspect of the natural world behaves under stated circumstances.
  • Scientific Theories: A well-supported explanation of some aspect of the natural world that can incorporate facts, law, inferences, and tested hypotheses.
  • Hypothesis: An idea about the solution to a problem, based on knowledge and research
  • Draw Conclusions: Summarizing the results of the data or findings
  • Relationships: Connections between ideas or data
  • Observations: Using one or more of the five senses to gather information, and may include the use of equipment
  • Inferences: The development of ideas based on observations.
  • Prediction: The use of knowledge to identify and explain observations or changes in advance.  (see page 49 of MCA Test Prep. Doc.)
  • Data: Individual facts, statistics, or items of information collected during an experiment
  • Explanation: To give meaning, to interpret, to clarify the results
  • Variables: Things that have an effect on an experiment
  • Changed Variables: Variables that are purposely changed in an experiment
  • Controlled Variables: Variables that are kept the same in an experiment
  • Measured Variables: Variables that are measured in an experiment
  • Controlled experiment: An experiment in which one variable is changed and the others are kept the same
  • Multiple Representation of Results: The ability to display results in a graph, table, physical model, and/or demonstration.
  • Compare: Noting similarities or differences in data from an experiment
  • Data Sets: Multiple trials in an experiment
  • Reliable Results: Having multiple trials and increased sample size, to allow the ability to compare investigations and see a pattern(page 52 MCA Test Prep. Doc.)
  • Evaluate Procedures: The ability to examine the effectiveness of ...

 

 

 





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