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Elementary Language Arts Curriculum
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Middle School Language Arts Curriculum
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High School Language Arts Curriculum
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Elementary Language Arts Curriculum Overview

Kindergarten
MN Academic Standards’ Benchmarks

Reading, writing, listening, speaking, spelling and handwriting are all important components of language arts. Skills and strategies in each area are modeled, taught and practiced, taking into account the unique needs of each learner. Knowledge and skills are acquired through connected experiences between home, school and community. Students read from a variety of texts, including fiction (short stories and whole books), poetry and nonfiction (textbooks, newspapers and magazines). Students read (or are read to) and write daily.

Resources

  • Classroom Libraries
  • Guided Reading Resources
  • Invitations to Literacy, Houghton Mifflin
  • Writing-Units of Study for Primary Writing
  • Word Study - Phonics Lessons: Letters, Words and How They Work
  • Handwriting - District developed

Topics

Reading

  • Predicting before, during and after reading
  • Summarizing information
  • Relevant facts and details
  • Main characters - plot and setting
  • Similarities and differences in letters and words
  • Letter-sound relationships (phonemic awareness)
  • Rhyming words

Writing

  • Using writing skills to plan, compare and write
  • Print concepts, including upper and lower case letter, proper spacing, and writing left to right and top to bottom of the page

Speaking

  • Complete sentences
  • Responding to questions
  • Relevant contributions to discussions
  • Appropriate listening skills

Spelling

  • Spelling frequently used words correctly

Handwriting

  • Legible printing of letters and numbers

 

Grade 1
MN Academic Standards’ Benchmarks

Reading, writing, listening, speaking, spelling and handwriting are all-important components of language arts.  Skills and strategies in each area are modeled, taught and practiced, taking into account the unique needs of each learner.  Knowledge and skills are acquired through connected experiences between home, school and community.  Students read from a variety of texts, including fiction (short stories and whole books), poetry and nonfiction (textbooks, newspapers and magazines).  Students read (or are read to) and write daily.

Resources
  • Classroom Libraries
  • Guided Reading Resources
  • Invitations to Literacy, Houghton Mifflin
  • Writing-Units of Study for Primary Writing
  • Word Study - Phonics Lessons: Letters, Words and How They Work
  • Handwriting - District developed

Topics

Reading

  • Predicting before, during and after reading
  • Compare/contrast
  • Character, plot, setting (fiction)
  • Beginning, middle and end of a story
  • Topic, main idea and details (nonfiction)
  • Letter-sound relationships (phonemic awareness)
  • Picture cues
  • Reading with fluency by using expression, phrasing and punctuation
  • Use graphophonic (sounds), syntactic (language) and semantic (meaning) strategies to understand text

Writing

  • Planning, composing, writing and editing

Speaking

  • Discussing information from first-hand experiences
  • Correct grammar
  • Relevant contributions to discussions

Word Study (includes phonics, vocabulary and spelling)

  • Finding the correct spelling of an unknown word
  • Patterns of spelling
  • Spelling frequently used words correctly

Handwriting

  • Legible printing of numbers and letters using uniform shape, size, placement, spacing

 

Grade 2
MN Academic Standards’ Benchmarks

Reading, writing, listening, speaking, spelling and handwriting are all-important components of language arts.  Skills and strategies in each area are modeled, taught and practiced, taking into account the unique needs of each learner.  Knowledge and skills are acquired through connected experiences between home, school and community.  Students read from a variety of texts, including fiction (short stories and whole books), poetry and nonfiction (textbooks, newspapers and magazines).  Students read (or are read to) and write daily.

Resources
  • Guided Reading Resources
  • Classroom Libraries 
  • Invitations to Literacy, Houghton Mifflin
  • Writing-Units of Study for Primary Writing
  • Word Study - Phonics Lessons: Letters, Words and How They Work (includes spelling, phonics and vocabulary)
  • Handwriting - District developed

Topics

Reading

  • Main ideas and supporting details
  • Main events or ideas in sequence
  • New word pronunciation
  • Reading aloud fluently with appropriate expression
  • Appropriate techniques for learning new vocabulary
  • Character traits, plot and setting
  • Distinguishing between fact and opinion
  • Using graphophonic (sounds), syntactic (language) and semantic (meaning) strategies to understand text

Writing

  • Planning, composing and editing pieces of writing
  • Editing to correct grammar, sentence construction, capitalization, punctuation and spelling
  • Writing personal narratives, reports, instructions and a friendly letter

Speaking and Listening

  • Multi-step oral directions
  • Correct grammar in speaking
  • Oral presentation
  • Identifying purpose and summarizing ideas of an oral presentation

Word Study (includes spelling, phonics and vocabulary)

  • Spelling patterns
  • Spelling frequently used words correctly
  • Finding the correct spelling of an unknown word
  • Vocabulary development

Handwriting

  • Legible printing of numbers and letters unig uniform shape, size, placement and spacing

 

Grade 3
MN Academic Standards’ Benchmarks

Reading, writing, listening, speaking, spelling and handwriting are all-important components of language arts.  Skills and strategies in each area are modeled, taught and practiced, taking into account the unique needs of each learner.  Knowledge and skills are acquired through connected experiences between home, school and community.  Students read from a variety of texts, including fiction (short stories and whole books), poetry and nonfiction (textbooks, newspapers and magazines).  Students read (or are read to) and write daily.

Resources
  • Guided Reading Resources
  • Classroom Libraries
  • Invitations to Literacy, Houghton Mifflin
  • Handwriting–Zaner Bloser
  • Word Study-Word Study Lessons, Phonics, Spelling and Vocabulary

Topics

Reading

  • Fiction and nonfiction materials
  • Using context clues to determine meaning of unknown words
  • Understanding ideas not explicitly stated
  • Making predictions and drawing conclusions based on information in the selection
  • Distinguishing between fact and opinion
  • Determining the author’s purpose
  • Identifying figurative language
  • Using graphophonic (sounds), syntactic (language) and semantic (meaning) strategies to understand text
  • Identifying elements of a story
  • Summarizing fiction and nonfiction

Writing

  • Planning, composing and revising pieces of writing
  • Editing written work for grammar, capitalization, punctuation, spelling and sentence structure
  • Writing narratives, descriptive pieces, persuasive and expository essays
  • Writing letters and reports

Speaking and Listening

  • Summarizing ideas and identifying tone
  • Teaching someone how to perform an action or create a product
  • Giving an informal presentation
  • Listening to understand a presentation
  • Word Study
    • Finding the correct spelling of an unknown word
    • Recognizing misspelled words
    • Patterns within words
    • Spelling frequently used words correctly in everyday writing
    • Vocabulary development

Handwriting

  • Using cursive writing to form upper and lower case letters

 

Grade 4
MN Academic Standards’ Benchmarks

Reading, writing, listening, speaking, spelling and handwriting are all-important components of language arts. Skills and strategies in each area are modeled, taught and practiced, taking into account the unique needs of each learner. Knowledge and skills are acquired through connected experiences between home, school and community. Students read from a variety of texts, including fiction (short stories and whole books), poetry and nonfiction (textbooks, newspapers and magazines). Students read (or are read to) and write daily.

Resources
  • Guided Reading Resources
  • Classroom Libraries
  • Invitations to Literacy, Houghton Mifflin
  • Handwriting- Zaner Bloser
  • Word Study – District developed

Topics

Reading

  • Fiction and nonfiction materials
  • Main ideas and supporting details
  • Main events or ideas in sequence
  • Author’s purpose
  • Point of view
  • Distinguishing between fact from opinion
  • Making inferences
  • Drawing conclusions
  • Improving and expanding vocabulary
  • Using graphophonic (sounds), syntactic (language) and semantic (meaning) strategies to understand text

Writing

  • Planning, composing and revising pieces of writing
  • Editing for grammar, capitalization, punctuation, spelling and sentence structure
  • Narratives, persuasive, descriptive and expository essays
  • Business letter
  • Different forms of poetry

Speaking and Listening

  • Listening and discussing informational first-hand experiences
  • The use of persuasive language
  • Predicting, comparing and analyzing what has been heard
  • Word Study (includes spelling, language and vocabulary development)
  • Finding the correct spelling of an unknown word
  • Patterns within words
  • Spelling frequently used words correctly in everyday writing
  • Vocabulary development

Handwriting

  • Cursive writing

 

Grade 5
MN Academic Standards’ Benchmarks

Reading, writing, listening, speaking, spelling and handwriting are all-important components of language arts.  Skills and strategies in each area are modeled, taught and practiced, taking into account the unique needs of each learner.  Knowledge and skills are acquired through connected experiences between home, school and community.  Students read from a variety of texts, including fiction (short stories and whole books), poetry and nonfiction (textbooks, newspapers and magazines).  Students read (or are read to) and write daily.

Resources
  • Guided Reading Resources
  • Classroom Libraries
  • Invitations to Literacy, Houghton Mifflin
  • Word Study-District developed
  • Handwriting – Zaner Bloser

Topics

Reading

  • Fiction and nonfiction materials
  • Improving and expanding vocabulary
  • Distinguishing between fact and opinion
  • Understanding ideas not explicitly stated
  • Interpreting figurative language
  • Using graphophonic (sounds), syntactic (language) and semantic (meaning) strategies to understand text

Writing

  • Planning, composing and revising pieces of writing
  • Editing for grammar, capitalization, punctuation, spelling and sentence structure
  • Narrative, persuasive, descriptive and expository essays
  • A business letter to request an action

Speaking and Listening

  • Summarizing ideas and information from visual presentations
  • Planning and carrying out an event in a small group
  • Listening to and discussing first-hand experiences
  • Predicting, comparing and analyzing what has been heard

Word Study (includes spelling, language and vocabulary development)

  • Finding the correct spelling of an unknown word
  • Patterns within words
  • Spelling frequently used words correctly in everyday writing
  • Vocabulary development

Handwriting

  • Cursive writing





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